Father, anoint me with your Holy Spirit,
so that as I read Your eternal word,
Your word may penetrate my whole being
and transform me.
Grant me the blessing to be a faithful disciple
in believing the Word of God
and that I may be a light shining
upon all who are in darkness.
Lord Jesus Christ, by Your patience in suffering
you hallowed earthly pain
and gave us the example of obedience to your Father’s will:
Be near me in my time of weakness and pain;
sustain me by Your grace,
that my strength and courage may not fail;
heal me according to Your will;
and help me always to believe
that what happens to me here
is of little account if You hold me in eternal life,
my Lord and my God. Amen.
Make us of quick and tender conscience, O Lord;
that understanding we may obey every word of Thine,
and discerning may follow every suggestion
of Thine indwelling Spirit.
Speak, Lord, for Thy servant heareth.
– Christina G. Rossetti (1830-1895)
Oh, God, make me a better parent.
Help me to understand my children,
to listen patiently to what they have to say
and to answer all their questions kindly.
Keep me from interrupting them,
talking back to them and contradicting them.
Make me as courteous to them
as I would have them be to me.
Give me the courage to confess my sins
against my children and to ask of them forgiveness,
when I know that I have done them wrong.
May I not vainly hurt the feelings of my children.
Forbid that I should laugh at their mistakes or
resort to shame and ridicule as punishment.
Let me not tempt a child to lie and steal.
So guide me hour by hour that I may demonstrate
by all I say and do that honestly produces happiness.
Reduce, I pray, the meanness in me.
May I cease to nag:
and when I am out of sorts,
help me, O Lord, to hold my tongue.
Blind me to the little errors of my children
and help me to see the good things that they do.
Give me a ready word for honest praise.
Help to treat my children as those of their own age,
but let me not exact of them the judgments
and conventions of adults.
Allow me not to rob them of the opportunity
to wait upon themselves,
to think, to choose, and to make decisions.
Forbid that I should ever punish them
for my self satisfaction.
May I grant them all of their wishes
that are reasonable and have the courage always to withhold
a privilege that I know will do them harm.
O Jesus, lover of the young, the dearest Friend I have,
in all confidence I open my heart to You
to beg Your light and assistance in the important task of planning my future.
Give me the light of Your grace,
that I may decide wisely concerning the person
who is to be my partner through life.
Dearest Jesus, send me such a one
whom in Your divine wisdom
You judge best suited
to be united with me in marriage.
May his character reflect some of the traits of Your own Sacred Heart.
May he be upright, loyal, pure, sincere and noble,
so that with united efforts and with pure and unselfish love
we both may strive to perfect ourselves in soul and body,
as well as the family it may please You to entrust to our care.
Bless our friendship before marriage,
that sin may have no part in it.
May our mutual love bind us so closely,
that our future home may ever be most like Your own at Nazareth.
O Mary Immaculate, sweet Mother of the young,
to your special care I entrust the decision I am to make
as to my future husband.
You are my guiding Star!
direct me to the person
with whom I can best cooperate
with whom I can live in peace, love and harmony in this life,
and attain eternal joys in the next.
Bless Our Family
All praise to You, Lord Jesus,
Lover of children:
Bless our family,
And help us to lead our children to You.
Give us light and strength,
And courage when our task is difficult.
Let Your Spirit fill us with love and peace,
So that we may help our children to love You.
All glory and praise are Yours, Lord Jesus,
Forever and ever.
Lord, bless us and keep us always with You,
Open our eyes to see each other as You see us.
Open our hearts to love each other as You love us.
Open our minds to the wonder and mystery of who You are
and of who You have created
each of us to be
And let us spend our lifetimes together.
The LORD is cleansing me
of all selfishness,
resentment and critical feelings
for my fellow beings
…as well as self-condemnation
and the misinterpretation of my life experiences…
…and more HE is bathing me
in generosity, appreciation, praise and gratitude
for my fellow beings
…and blessed me with self-acceptance
and an enlightened understanding of my experiences…
The biblical foundation for Holy Communion is what Christ Himself did at the Last Supper. As narrated by St. Matthew, Jesus first offered the apostles what He was about to change, then changed the bread and wine, and then gave them Communion.
And while they were at supper, Jesus took bread and blessed and broke and gave it to His disciples and said, “Take you and eat, this is my Body.” And taking the chalice He gave thanks and gave it to them saying, “Drink you all of this. For this is my Blood of the New Testament which shall be shed for many unto remission of sins.” (Matthew 26:26-28)
St. John, who does not give us the narrative of the institution of the Eucharist, devotes a whole chapter to Christ’s promise of giving His followers His own flesh to eat and His own blood to drink. What Christ emphasizes is the absolute necessity of being nourished by His Body and Blood if the supernatural life received at Baptism is to be sustained.
I tell you most solemnly, if you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you will not have life in you. Anyone who does eat my flesh and drink my blood has eternal life and I shall raise him up on the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood lives in me and I live in Him. As I, who am sent by the living Father, myself draw life from the Father, so whoever eats me will draw life from me. This is the bread come down from heaven; not like the bread our ancestors ate. They are dead, but anyone who eats this bread will live forever. (John 6: 53-58)
Throughout the gospels and St. Paul, Christ uses words like “take,” “eat,” “drink,” always clearly indicating that the Eucharist is to be taken into the mouth and consumed. No less, and far more, than material food and drink are necessary to sustain the natural life of the body, so Holy Communion must be received to support and nourish the supernatural life of the soul.
Effects of Holy Communion
Since the earliest times, the benefits of receiving the Body and Blood of Christ were spelled out to encourage frequent, even daily, Holy Communion.
Thus, St. Cyril of Jerusalem (died 387) said that reception of the Eucharist makes the Christian a “Christbearer” and “one body and one blood with Him” (Catecheses, 4,3). St. John Chrysostom (died 407) speaks of a mixing of the Body of Christ with our body, “…in order to show the great love that He has for us. He mixed Himself with us, and joined His Body with us, so that we might become one like a bread connected with the body” (Homily 46,3). These and other comparisons of how Communion unites the recipient with Christ are based on Christ’s own teaching, and St. Paul’s statement that, “the bread which we break, is it not the partaking of the Body of the Lord? For we, being many, are one bread, all that partake of this bread.” (I Corinthians 10:16-17).
So, too, the church officially teaches that “Every effect which bodily food and bodily drink produce in our corporeal life, by preserving this life, increasing this life, healing this life, and satisfying this life – is also produced by this Sacrament in the spiritual life” (Council of Florence, November 22, 1439). Thus:
Holy Communion preserves the supernatural life of the soul by giving the communicant supernatural strength to resist temptation, and by weakening the power of concupiscence. It reinforces the ability of our free will to withstand the assaults of the devil. In a formal definition, the Church calls Holy Communion “an antidote by which we are preserved from grievous sins” (Council of Trent, October 11, 1551).
Holy Communion increases the life of grace already present by vitalizing our supernatural life and strengthening the virtues and gifts of the Holy Spirit we possess. To be emphasized, however, is that the main effect of Communion is not to remit sin. In fact, a person in conscious mortal sin commits a sacrilege by going to Communion.
Holy Communion cures the spiritual diseases of the soul by cleansing it of venial sins and the temporal punishment due to sin. No less than serving as an antidote to protect the soul from mortal sins, Communion is “an antidote by which we are freed from our daily venial sins” (Council of Trent, October 11, 1551). The remission of venial sins and of the temporal sufferings due to sin takes place immediately by reason of the acts of perfect love of God, which are awakened by the reception of the Eucharist. The extent of this remission depends on the intensity of our charity when receiving Communion.
Holy Communion gives us a spiritual joy in the service of Christ, in defending His cause, in performing the duties of our state of life, and in making the sacrifices required of us in imitating the life of our Savior.
On Christ’s own promise, Holy Communion is a pledge of heavenly glory and of our bodily resurrection from the dead (John 6:55). St. Irenaeus (died 202) simply declared that, “when our bodies partake of the Eucharist, they are no longer corruptible as they have the hope of eternal resurrection” (Against the Heresies, IV, 18,5).
This list is compiled from articles in the Original Catholic Encyclopedia and is provided for your benefit.
The list is sortable by name (alpha) and by chronology.
Order Name Years Notes
1 Peter, Apostle, Saint Reigned 33-67
2 Linus, Saint Reigned c.67-76
3 Anacletus, Saint Reigned 76-88 aka Cletus
4 Clement I, Saint Reigned 88-97
5 Evaristus, Saint Reigned c.98- c.106 Aristus in the Liberian Catalogue
6 Alexander I, Saint Reigned c.106-115
7 Sixtus I, Saint Reigned 115-125 XYSTUS in the oldest documents
8 Telesphorus, Saint Reigned 125-136
9 Hyginus, Saint Reigned c.136-140
10 Pius I, Saint Reigned c.140-c.154
11 Anicetus, Saint Reigned c.157-168
12 Soter, Saint Reigned c.166-c.174
13 Eleutherius, Saint Reigned c.175-189
14 Victor I, Saint Reigned 189-c.198
15 Zephyrinus, Saint Reigned 198-217
16 Callistus I Reigned 218-c.222
17 Urban I Reigned 222-230
18 Pontian, Saint Reigned 230-235
19 Anterus, Saint Reigned 235-236 aka Anteros
20 Fabian, Saint Reigned 236-250
21 Cornelius Reigned 251-253
22 Lucius I, Saint Reigned 253-254
23 Stephen I, Saint Reigned 254-257
24 Sixtus II, Saint Reigned 257-258 XYSTUS in the oldest documents
25 Dionysius, Saint Reigned 260-268
26 Felix I, Saint Reigned 269-274
27 Eutychianus, Saint Reigned 275-283
28 Caius, Saint Reigned 283-296
29 Marcellinus, Saint Reigned 296-304
30 Marcellus I, Saint Reigned 308-309
31 Eusebius, Saint Reigned 309 or 310
32 Miltiades, Saint Reigned 311-314
33 Sylvester I, Saint Reigned 314-335
34 Mark, Saint Reigned 336 aka Marcus
35 Julius I, Saint Reigned 337-352
36 Liberius Reigned 352-366
37 Damasus I, Saint Reigned 366-383
38 Siricius, Saint Reigned 384-399
39 Anastasius I, Saint Reigned 399-401
40 Innocent I Reigned 401-417
41 Zosimus, Saint Reigned 417-418
42 Boniface I, Saint Reigned 418-422
43 Celestine I, Saint Reigned 422-432
44 Sixtus III, Saint Reigned 432-440 XYSTUS in the oldest documents
45 Leo I, Saint Reigned 440-461
46 Hilarus, Saint Reigned 461-468
47 Simplicius, Saint Reigned 468-483
48 Felix III (II), Saint Reigned 483-492
49 Gelasius I, Saint Reigned 492-496
50 Anastasius II Reigned 496-498
51 Symmachus, Saint Reigned 498-514
52 Hormisdas, Saint Reigned 514-523
53 John I, Saint Reigned 523-c.526
54 Felix IV (III) Reigned 526-530
55 Boniface II Reigned 530-532
56 John II Reigned 533-535
57 Agapetus I, Saint Reigned 535-536
58 Silverius, Saint Reigned 536-537
59 Vigilius Reigned 537-555
60 Pelagius I Reigned 556-561
61 John III Reigned 561-574
62 Benedict I Reigned 575-579
63 Pelagius II Reigned 579-590
64 Gregory I Saint Reigned 590-604
65 Sabinianus Reigned 604-606
66 Boniface III Reigned 607
67 Boniface IV Reigned 608-615
68 Deusdedit, Saint Reigned 615-618
69 Boniface V Reigned 619-625
70 Honorius I Reigned 625-638
71 Severinus Reigned 640
72 John IV Reigned 640-642
73 Theodore I Reigned 642-649
74 Martin I, Saint Reigned 649-655
75 Eugene I Reigned 655-657
76 Vitalian, Saint Reigned 657-672
77 Adeodatus, Saint Reigned 672-676
78 Donus Reigned 676-678
79 Agatho, Saint Reigned 678-681
80 Leo II, Saint Reigned 682-683
81 Benedict II Reigned 684-685
82 John V Reigned 685-686
83 Conon Reigned 686-687
84 Sergius I, Saint Reigned 687-701
85 John VI Reigned 701-705
86 John VII Reigned 705-707
87 Sisinnius Reigned 708
88 Constantine Reigned 708-715
89 Gregory II, Saint Reigned 715-731
90 Gregory III, Saint Reigned 731-741
91 Zachary, Saint Reigned 741-752
92 Stephen II Elected 752 died before his consecration; excluded from some lists
93 Stephen III (II) Reigned 752-757
94 Paul I Reigned 757-767
95 Stephen IV (III) Reigned 768-772
96 Adrian I Reigned 772-795
97 Leo III, Saint Reigned 795-816
98 Stephen V (IV) Reigned 816-817
99 Paschal I Reigned 817-824
100 Eugene II Reigned 824-827
101 Valentine Reigned 827
102 Gregory IV Reigned 827-844
103 Sergius II Reigned 844-847
104 Leo IV, Saint Reigned 847-855
105 Benedict III Reigned 855-858
106 Nicholas I, Saint Reigned 858-867
107 Adrian II Reigned 867-872
108 John VIII Reigned 872-882
109 Marinus I Reigned 882-884
110 Adrian III, Saint Reigned 884-885
111 Stephen VI (V) Reigned 885-891
112 Formosus Reigned 891-896
113 Boniface VI Reigned 896
114 Stephen VII (VI) Reigned 896-897
115 Romanus Reigned 897
116 Theodore II Reigned 897
117 John IX Reigned 898-900
118 Benedict IV Reigned 900-903
119 Leo V Reigned 903
120 Sergius III Reigned 904-911
121 Anastasius III Reigned 911-913
122 Lando Reigned 913-14
123 John X Reigned 914-928
124 Leo VI Reigned 928
125 Stephen VIII (VII) Reigned 929-931
126 John XI Reigned 931-936
127 Leo VII Reigned 936-939
128 Stephen IX (VIII) Reigned 939-942
129 Marinus II Reigned 942-946
130 Agapetus II Reigned 946-955
131 John XII Reigned 955-964
132 Leo VIII Reigned 964-965
133 Benedict V Reigned 964
134 John XIII Reigned 965-972
135 Benedict VI Reigned 973-974
136 Benedict VII Reigned 974-983
137 John XIV Reigned 983-984
138 John XV (XVI) Reigned 985-996
139 Gregory V Reigned 996-999
140 Sylvester II Reigned 999-1003
141 John XVII (XVIII) Reigned 1003
142 John XVIII (XIX) Reigned 1003-1009
143 Sergius IV Reigned 1009-1012
144 Benedict VIII Reigned 1012-1024
145 John XIX (XX) Reigned 1024-1032
146 Benedict IX Reigned 1032-1044
147 Sylvester III Reigned 1045
148 Benedict IX Reigned 1045
149 Gregory VI Reigned 1045-1046
150 Clement II Reigned 1046-1047
151 Benedict IX Reigned 1047-1048
152 Damasus II Reigned 1048
153 Leo IX, Saint Reigned 1049-1054
154 Victor II Reigned 1055-1057
155 Stephen X (IX) Reigned 1057-1058
156 Nicholas II Reigned 1058-1061
157 Alexander II Reigned 1061-1073
158 Gregory VII, Saint Reigned 1073-1085
159 Victor III, Blessed Reigned 1086-1087
160 Urban II, Blessed Reigned 1088-1099
161 Paschal II Reigned 1099-1118
162 Gelasius II Reigned 1118-1119
163 Callistus II Reigned 1119-1124
164 Honorius II Reigned 1124-1130
165 Innocent II Reigned 1130-1143
166 Celestine II Reigned 1143-1144
167 Lucius II Reigned 1144-1145
168 Eugene III Reigned 1145-1153
169 Anastasius IV Reigned 1153-1154
170 Adrian IV Reigned 1154-1159
171 Alexander III Reigned 1159-1181
172 Lucius III Reigned 1181-1185
173 Urban III Reigned 1185-1187
174 Gregory VIII Reigned 1187
175 Clement III Reigned 1187-1191
176 Celestine III Reigned 1191-1198
177 Innocent III Reigned 1198-1216
178 Honorius III Reigned 1216-1227
179 Gregory IX Reigned 1227-1241
180 Celestine IV Reigned 1241
181 Innocent IV Reigned 1243-1254
182 Alexander IV Reigned 1254-1261
183 Urban IV Reigned 1261-1264
184 Clement IV Reigned 1265-1268
185 Gregory X Reigned 1271-1276
186 Innocent V Reigned 1276
187 Adrian V Reigned July-August 1276
188 John XXI (XX) Reigned 1276-1277
189 Nicholas III Reigned 1277-1280
190 Martin IV Reigned 1281-1285
191 Honorius IV Reigned 1285-1287
192 Nicholas IV Reigned 1288-1292
193 Celestine V, Saint Reigned 1294
194 Boniface VIII Reigned 1294-1303
195 Benedict XI, Blessed Reigned 1303-1304
196 Clement V Reigned 1305-1314
197 John XXII Reigned 1316-1334
198 Benedict XII Reigned 1334-1342
199 Clement VI Reigned 1342-1352
200 Innocent VI Reigned 1352-1362
201 Urban V, Blessed Reigned 1362-1370
202 Gregory XI Reigned 1370-1378
203 Urban VI Reigned 1378-1389
204 Boniface IX Reigned 1389-1404
205 Innocent VII Reigned 1404-1406
206 Gregory XII Reigned 1406-1415
207 Martin V Reigned 1417-1431
208 Eugene IV Reigned 1431-1447
209 Nicholas V Reigned 1447-1455
210 Callistus III Reigned 1455-1458
211 Pius II Reigned 1458-1464
212 Paul II Reigned 1464-1471
213 Sixtus IV Reigned 1471-1484
214 Innocent VIII Reigned 1484-1492
215 Alexander VI Reigned 1492-1503
216 Pius III Reigned 1503
217 Julius II Reigned 1503-1513
218 Leo X Reigned 1513-1521
219 Adrian VI Reigned 1522-1523
220 Clement VII Reigned 1523-1534
221 Paul III Reigned 1534-1549
222 Julius III Reigned 1550-1555
223 Marcellus II Reigned 1555 (22 days)
224 Paul IV Reigned 1555-1559
225 Pius IV Reigned 1559-1565
226 Pius V, Saint Reigned 1566-1572
227 Gregory XIII Reigned 1572-1585
228 Sixtus V Reigned 1585-1590
229 Urban VII Reigned 1590
230 Gregory XIV Reigned 1590-1591
231 Innocent IX Reigned 1591
232 Clement VIII Reigned 1592-1605
233 Leo XI Reigned 1605
234 Paul V Reigned 1605-1621
235 Gregory XV Reigned 1621-1623
236 Urban VIII Reigned 1623-1644
237 Innocent X Reigned 1644-1655
238 Alexander VII Reigned 1655-1667
239 Clement IX Reigned 1667-1669
240 Clement X Reigned 1670-1676
241 Innocent XI Reigned 1676-1689
242 Alexander VIII Reigned 1689-1691
243 Innocent XII Reigned 1691-1700
244 Clement XI Reigned 1700-1721
245 Innocent XIII Reigned 1721-1724
246 Benedict XIII Reigned 1724-1730
247 Clement XII Reigned 1730-1740
248 Benedict XIV Reigned 1740-1758
249 Clement XIII Reigned 1758-1769
250 Clement XIV Reigned 1769-1774
251 Pius VI Reigned 1775-1799
252 Pius VII Reigned 1800-1823
253 Leo XII Reigned 1823-1829
254 Pius VIII Reigned 1829-1830
255 Gregory XVI Reigned 1831-1846
256 Pius IX Reigned 1846-1878
257 Leo XIII Reigned 1878-1903
258 Pius X Reigned 1903-1914
259 Benedict XV Reigned 1914-1922 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
260 Pius XI Reigned 1922-1939 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
261 Pius XII Reigned 1939-1958 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
262 John XXIII, Blessed Reigned 1958-1963 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
263 Paul VI Reigned 1963-1978 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
264 John Paul I Reigned 1978 (33 days) Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
265 John Paul II Reigned 1978-2005 Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia
266 Benedict XVI Reigned 2005-present Elected after the release of The 1914 Catholic Encylopedia